"On June 19, 1865, Major General Gordon Granger landed at the port of Galveston to extend Union military and civil authority over Texas. The most controversial and far-reaching of his civil edicts, General Order No. 3, enforced the terms of the Emancipation Proclamation and liberated more than 200,000 Black slaves. That event is commemorated today as Juneteenth."
"I’m saying, taken in its totality, the system seems to operate fairly. We should be vigilant and look for potential discrimination, and you can always make improvements in the system. But the empirical studies I see suggest that people are treated equally in the system. That is, if a black and a white are charged with the same offense, generally they will get the same treatment in the system, and ultimately the same penalty."